Essay by EssaySwap ContributorCollege, Undergraduate February 2008

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Alcoholism is defined as a "primary progressive, chronic fatal disease" (Estes). It is often questioned whether alcoholism is an actual disease at all. A disease is a heath problem that is involuntary and drinking alcohol and developing alcoholism can be considered a voluntary action. Alcoholism is the persistent and excessive use of alcohol that is a habit that turns into a fatal problem. Drinking alcohol is a personal choice made by a human being on their own. These people drink until they become dependant on alcohol, then the drinking turns destructive; not into a disease. The drinker does not lose control over consumption, like one loses control over a disease; their free will is still there. We should not forget the amount of alcohol that is voluntarily consumed. An estimated twelve million college students drink over four hundred million gallons of alcohol a year, that is about is 3,300 Olympic pools filled with alcohol alone.

We control drinking alcohol; alcohol does not control us.

Many people feel alcoholism is inherited through genetics, but it has not yet been proven scientifically. The discovery of a genetic gene would be very beneficial. It would help identify people at risk, help to learn about the development of alcoholism, and it may help to discover better treatments because people could better understand alcoholism. Alcoholic parents are the strong influence on their children. So rather than being hereditary, it is learned just as a child learns morals, how to dress, and how to behave from their parents. Therefore, some believe it is just picked up by children through their surrounding environment. Researchers are still investigating the possibility there is a genetic gene. Recently, they have been researching twins. They think that identical twins, having identical genes, would both develop alcoholism or they both would not...