" discuss the range of diversity in learning needs which may be encountered by the primary school practitioner.

Essay by juschillinhoneyUniversity, Bachelor'sB-, January 2003

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I aim to breakdown this essay into the following areas: -

1: Current perspectives on special educational needs.

2: the range of diversity in learning needs.

3: overview of chosen learning need 'dyslexia'.

4: how does it feel to be dyslexic?

5: how is it dealt with in the classroom?

6: suggested learning approaches.

7: reality of provision available.

8: Research and testing. Current debates.

Teachers have always taught children who represent a wide range of abilities, achievements and experiences. However it is only in recent years we have begun to witness increased compassion and understanding emerging towards children's individual needs.

This new outlook began to surface with The 1978 Warnock Report; it stated that children should not be labelled by their handicap. It introduced the term 'special educational needs' and 'specific learning difficulties'. It stated that the vast majority of children benefit from mainstream education, but children with specific learning difficulties had a specific problem that had to be treated in an individual way.

Specific learning difficulty means that there are particular learning difficulties, which affect certain cognitive skills such as memory, sequencing or perception, rather than a general learning difficulty that affects most aspects of learning. Specific Learning Difficulties may include Dyslexia, Dyspraxia, and ADHD etc.

Current perspectives are geared towards fostering teacher confidence. It is essential that all teachers are effective in their ability to manage a diverse range of abilities and needs within the primary classroom. Success in this area is particularly prosperous in schools where staff works together in unison, adopting a team approach. It is vital to have a designated person within a school, which teachers are able to approach for support and advice when they encounter diversity in the classroom for which they feel they are not adequately prepared. Although there is a...