Elevated Causes of AIDS

Essay by EssaySwap ContributorHigh School, 10th grade February 2008

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I'm here to present information on elevated causes of AIDS. (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) AIDS in the 20th century is a huge problem nationwide, and every angle of approach is needed in order to reduce the incident of transmitting AIDS. This deficiency is also a problem for our African American communities. Male African Americans are the leading culture in the world. To help reduce our AIDS problems in the United States, protection is needed as well as HIV tests. Knowing your status would be helpful also in reducing this problem in the African American race and all other ethnics.

AIDS stand for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV -- human immunodeficiency virus -- causes AIDS. Getting HIV infection is not the same as having AIDS. It usually takes years for the virus to wear down a person's immune system. When this happens, all kinds of deadly infections seize the opportunity to infect the body.

Only at this point, a person's immune system is weakened enough for these "opportunistic" infections to attack.

HIV infects and kills a type of white blood cell called the CD4 T cell, without these infection-fighting cells, the immune system can't protect against disease. A normal person has between 500 and 1,500 CD4 T cells in every cubic millimeter of blood. When people have HIV infection, doctors track their CD4 "counts" to see how well their immune system is doing. If a person with HIV infection has a CD4 count that drops below 200 -- or if opportunistic infections appear. When the CD4 count drops a person is considered to have AIDS. Treatment is a must without it, HIV infection nearly always lead to AIDS. The time limit varies from person to person. It depends on many factors: age and general health, infection with other...