"The Idea of Good in Teachings of Different Philosophical Schools" (based on the Internet sources)

Essay by catusha February 2003

download word file, 9 pages 4.6

Downloaded 122 times

Every human being on the earth sooner or later faces one of the most important philosophical notions, which could be formulated as the concept of good that could be defined in order to be true and applicable in any situation that arises. From the first glance definition of such a concept could seem evident, because people often think that judging whether something is good or bad is so natural that a question of how to make such a judgment seems unnecessary, but in reality it often appears so that there are hundreds and thousands of situations the result of which either could not be judged as good or bad at all or could be considered from different points of view. After saying this, it is possible to go even further, thus, to say that any event could be evaluated as bad or good, relying exclusively on the code of ethics of the person who is going to make such an evaluation.

Thus, what is good then? To illustrate, consider an example. Imagine any war that has ever happened on earth. Ask yourself, is the war good or bad? Well, you would probably say that it is bad. Then I would say to you that in reality the answer of such an evident (as it could seem) question depends on your character, style of thinking, culture and other individual characteristics that influence your opinion.

The war is bad because it is concerned with numerous victims and one can say that it is meaningless, thus, has no positive results, it does not create anything except ruins. Nevertheless, the war is good because it could be the only mean to restore justice, to grant freedom to some class of citizens, it could bring numerous material advantages, even in relative consideration of human deaths.