Peace settlements as a cause of WWII

Essay by sierra722 January 2003

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Both the League of Nations and the Treaty of Versailles were peace settlements that were set up to prevent war, but in fact they were both major causes of the outbreak of World War II. The Treaty of Versailles outlined the rules that Germany must follow because of their defeat by Britain and France. Many Germans were angered by the treaty, for most of the rules in the treaty were unfair and Germany lost a great amount of wealth. The League of Nations was international organization, established by the peace treaties that ended World War I. I'ts purpose was the promotion of international peace and security

When World War I came to a close in mid-November of 1918, many ideas were circulating in Europe as to what the peace settlement should include. In Britain, leaders were thinking about how to increase British colonial power. In France, many wanted to permanently punish the Germans, partly in revenge for Germany's aggression in World War I, but also for the Franco-Prussian war in 1871.

In Germany, citizens were worried about how radical changes after the war could affect their daily lives. Finally, in the United States, President Wilson was planning a system to preserve European peace permanently. All these ideas came together in Paris in 1919, with the Treaty of Versailles, establishing the post-war peace in Europe. Yet just twenty years later, war would once again break out in Europe. The treaty, signed on the 28th of June 1919. The Treaty of Versailles had two main issues that it focused on: Germany's post war territory and the amount of reparations Germany must pay. Finally, Germany's military was to be greatly reduced in size. The Treaty said that Germany's standing army could be no larger than 100,000 men. In addition, their Navy was...