Question--Discuss in brief the logic behind the various peace plans offered to resolve the conflict in the Balkans from July 1991 to the Dayton Peace Accord in 1995.

Essay by Axis_of_EvilUniversity, Bachelor'sA, February 2003

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As the troubles in the Yugoslavia began to spill into Bosnia-Herzegovina and engulf the Balkans, the outside world, the 'civilized' world sat on its haunches waiting for the troubles to end themselves, no one wanting to commit themselves or their nations to help stop the atrocities there. That is, until 1991. However, the first drafts of "peace plans" still stumbled over the issue of European Union, America, United Nations and Eastern European lack of commitment and political will undermined the first two 'pre-war' plans guaranteeing their failure.

The first effort was the Brioni Declaration--signed in July 1991--was an affirmation of the existing cease-fire that established an easy exit for the Yugoslav army from Slovenia. To further decrease the tension in the area, it delayed Slovenian and Croatian independence for a three month period and further emplaced agreements from all parties to cease unilateral actions, refrain from all violence, and set up both negotiations (carried out in September) and guidelines for an international observer committee.

In the end, both Slovenia and Serbia had almost no opposition to the plan, as it allowed them time to regroup and prepare for the coming war with Yugoslavia, and a deferment of peace was not a denial of independence, and the Yugoslavs agreed on the grounds that it also allowed them time to reconsolidate in Croatia for an all-out war with Serbia--essentially, this plan did not initiate any peace but ironically allowed three months of uninterrupted build-up by all parties involved to further escalate the war.

In September of the same year, Lord Carrington, the Chief Mediator on Former Yugoslavia, was sent to "bring peace to all in Yugoslavia" (44) by the European Union (EC). Carrington acted fast, and by October he had verbal agreements by Presidents Tudjman and Milosevic, and the Federal Minister...